Ohio State Laws

Ohio Law

Ohio stands as the seventh most populated state in the country, despite being the thirty-fourth largest state in area. In history, Ohio was inhabited by the Iroquois Indians who gave the state its current name from the Iroquois word that means great river. Despite being part of the Northwest Territory, Ohio became a state in 1803. Ohio state laws were soon created to govern the people more locally than the federal government had the ability to do.

Along with following federal laws, state laws designate more specific regulations and requirements. Some of these laws include divorce laws, labor laws, bankruptcy laws, expungement laws, drunken driving laws, gun laws, and laws in regards to felony and misdemeanor offenses.


Ohio follows the federal Bankruptcy Act of 2005. This act limits the eligibility for those who may qualify for Chapter Seven bankruptcy. The act was also created to lessen abuse on the bankruptcy system. The United States provides bankruptcy for personal use and business use. Personal bankruptcy includes Chapter Seven bankruptcy and Chapter Thirteen bankruptcy.

Chapter Seven bankruptcy allows individuals to eliminate their debts through the liquidation of certain kinds of property. Chapter Thirteen bankruptcy allows the elimination of debt through a personal payment plan that is designed for no more than five month’s use. Not all who apply for bankruptcy are granted bankruptcy.


Each state has different grounds for divorce, so where an individual files is very important. Ohio also states that individuals who file for divorce within the state must be Ohio state residents for a minimum of six months before filing. All divorce petitions are to be filed to the individual’s county of residency. If two individuals reside in different counties either may file for divorce in his or her county or the county of his or her spouse. However if a petition is filed incorrectly or to the incorrect county, the petition will be dismissed.

Drunken Driving

Driving under the influence does not only include under the influence of alcohol. Driving under the influence charges can also include being under the influence of drugs or under the influence of both drugs and alcohol. The amount of drugs or alcohol in an individual’s system will dictate charges.

Driving under the influence also is not limited to driving motor vehicles. Ohio law states that driving also includes the operation of golf carts, riding lawnmowers, tractors, and mounted bicycles. Drunken driving convictions are based on prior offenses and the circumstances around the incident. The more prior convictions an individual has, the more severe the punishments.


The federal government increased the minimum wage to seven dollars and twenty-five cents. This increase required all states to raise their minimum wages. Ohio’s minimum wage currently stands just above the federal requirement. Under minimum wage law employees must be paid this minimum amount.

In Ohio, individuals who are regularly tipped may legally be paid only three dollars and sixty-five cents each hour. When tips are obtained in mass, employees are required to split the amount at the end of each shift.

Ohio Law Articles


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Ohio Labor Laws

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Ohio Bankruptcy Laws

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