Paralegals Guide

[no_toc]Paralegals can work in a law or an attorney’s office, a government agency, a corporation, or any other workplace with a legal department. A paralegal’s exact tasks can vary and depend upon the organization’s size and legal specialization (if any). Generally speaking, a paralegal handles legal documents, compiles reports, uses software applications, and works with legal officials. Paralegals, as well as legal assistants, help lawyers prepare for court dates and meetings. You can use the links below to navigate through this guide and learn more about how to become a paralegal.

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Paralegal Degree Programs

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Overview of Paralegal Programs and Degree Options

At a minimum, law firms require paralegals to have completed a paralegal certificate program before being hired. An associate’s degree in paralegal studies or legal studies is the next level of education, often designed for working professionals, followed by a master’s program for those who wish to continue their education and advance their careers.

The table below provides an overview of the degree options available in paralegal and legal studies.

Associate Degree – Legal Studies

A two-year degree designed that provides students with the skills and knowledge required to work as a legal assistant in a law office, government agency, or corporation in a shorter amount of time.

Associate Degree – Paralegal

Studies Similar to an associate degree in legal students, this program provides a fundamental awareness of the law and practical hands-on skills in two years or less.

Bachelor’s Degree – Legal Studies

A four-year degree designed for students who wish to advance into a position requiring a higher level of legal knowledge and skills needed to work as a paralegal.

Bachelor’s Degree – Paralegal Studies A four-year degree that trains students to perform the duties required of a paralegal through studies that focus on litigation procedures, computer applications for law offices, ethics, various legal specialties, and general education course requirements.

Master’s Degree – Paralegal Studies

A graduate-level program designed for students who already have experience in the paralegal field and are looking to advance their career or focus their studies on one area of the law field.

Master’s Degree – Legal Studies

Another option for graduate-level study is designed for students who want to stand out among others seeking a similar job or who wish to advance in their current position.

The Value of a Paralegal Degree

It’s a great time to earn a paralegal education. According to The Bureau of Labor Statistics, employment is projected to grow, and earning a degree will help give you the edge you need in today’s market. The map below from The Bureau of Labor Statistics illustrates the top-paying States for this occupation:

Paralegal Map

Paralegal vs. Lawyer – How to Decide

Some paralegals pursue a law degree, depending on their career goals. A paralegal background will certainly help when it comes to your future career prospects as an attorney if you choose to continue your studies. But is a J.D. what you want? If you’re unsure if becoming a lawyer is right for you, we’ve outlined the biggest distinctions between the careers between attorneys and paralegals to help you decide.

To be an attorney, one must:

  1. Graduate from an American Bar Association (ABA) accredited law school (in most cases obtaining a juris doctorate).
  2. Undergo a background screening by the state where he or she intends to practice.
  3. Pass a licensing test called the bar exam designed to determine if the attorney is minimally competent in that jurisdiction’s major areas of practice.
  4. Pay annual fees to maintain a license and participate in ongoing legal education requirements.

To be a paralegal, one must:

  1. Earn a certificate or degree in paralegal or legal studies from an accredited degree program.
  2. Find employment that provides on-the-job training at a firm, corporation, or organization.
  3. Get paralegal certification through an accredited association. (Though all employers do not require certification, it provides an advantage over competing candidates.

Earning voluntary certification may help applicants get a paralegal job. Designations include Certified Legal Assistant and Certified Paralegal. Paralegals usually need a year or more of experience and must pass a test to get certified. You can learn more by visiting NALA, The National Association of Legal Assistants-Paralegals.

Both are respectable and challenging careers, and each position has its pros and cons. The decision comes down to personal interests and career trajectory.

Resources to Jump-Start Your Career

Deciding on a career takes time, research, and much thought. With the right resources, you’ll be better equipped to make a smart decision. The links below provide career-related information for prospective paralegal students or even current students interested in advancing their education:

Step #1: Learn about the profession

Step #2: Determine what degree program to pursue

Step #3: Research areas of specialization

Step #4: Verify job placement requirements

Step #5: Maintain continuing education requirements