Gun Laws in Ohio
The statute for concealed weapons changed in Ohio and became effective as of April 2004. The new law states that individuals of twenty-one years of age or more are allowed to obtain a concealed weapons license after at least twelve hours of safety training and demonstrations of handgun competency.
This training must include two hours of practice in a shooting range and ten hours of instruction in a classroom setting, all to be provided through a certified safety instructor. Exams must also be adequately passed–both in shooting form and written form–along with a background check for criminal history. This information will then be submitted and reviewed by the county sheriff’s department. All applicants for concealed weapons permits must be Ohio residents.
Those who have been convicted for drug abuse, have been convicted of a violent misdemeanor offense, or have been convicted of a violence felony offense within three years are not allowed to apply for concealed weapons permits.
Ohio is bordered to the north by Michigan and Lake Erie, which separates Ohio from Canada. To the south, Ohio is bordered by West Virginia and Kentucky, to the west by Indiana, and to the east by Pennsylvania. Ohio has the tenth-largest highway network, and is in a prime location for commercial travel.
Ohio Legal Issues
In recent years Ohio has had difficulties with general laws and the merits there of towards concealed weapons. Because of this debate between local law and state law, the new 2004 law was set into place to clear up any discrepancies.
All new firearms laws must lie under certain general law guidelines so local law does not conflict with state law. Twenty-six other states have reciprocated Ohio’s statutes and include Wyoming, Washington, Virginia, Vermont, Utah, Tennessee, South Dakota, South Carolina, Oklahoma, North Carolina, New Mexico, Montana, Missouri, Michigan, Kentucky, Indiana, Idaho, Florida, Delaware, Arizona, and Alaska.
The licenses and permits for these states are the same as or very similar to Ohio jurisdiction. Many of these reciprocations became effective as of 2004 and 2005, but some went into effect in the following years. Indiana is the newest addition as of January 2010. Some of these permits are for residents only, while others include the licensing of non-residents.
License to Carry
When a concealed weapons permit has been licensed, it does not mean that the individual has rights to carry the firearm wherever he or she pleases. Certain restrictions still remain regardless of the license.
Ohio law allows private property owners to post signs on their property to prohibit firearms. This banning can stand with the law as long as the sign is in clear viewing for those who enter the property. Firearms are also prohibited from entering government buildings, religious buildings, and hospitals. The entrances of these buildings must clearly state that firearms are not prohibited for this law to be effective.
Concealed weapons are allowed in moving vehicles under certain circumstances: Firearms must be placed in an enclosed box, case, bag, or container with a locking mechanism and be within sight; be in a center console, glove compartment or locked case; or be in a proper holster on the body. Moving vehicles also include motorcycles. Bills have been passed in recent years to allow firearms in moving vehicles without being encased and locked in a container or otherwise placed in plain sight, some of which are beginning to take effect.
Open carry is legal, but you must have a valid permit/license to carry a handgun in a vehicle unless it is unloaded and: carried in a sealed box or case, or in a compartment that can be reached only by leaving the vehicle, or in plain sight and secured in a rack or holder made for the purpose. Places as listed in the “Criminal Provisions” above apply to those who open carry. The minimum age to open carry is 18.
Carrying Firearms in Vehicles
Ohio generally prohibits carrying loaded firearms in vehicles without a permit. Someone without a permit may carry a firearm in a vehicle only if it is unloaded and: carried in a sealed box or case, or in a compartment that can be reached only by leaving the vehicle, or in plain sight and secured in a rack or holder made for the purpose.
Carry in Restaurants That Serve Alcohol
Yes, so long as you possess a valid concealed handgun license. Places like Fridays or Chili’s unless they have a “No Gun Sign,” then it is suggested that You not carry into the establishment. This does not include a bar or the bar area of a restaurant – You are prohibited from carrying into these areas. You can carry Your firearm into a restaurant that serves alcohol, but you are prohibited from carrying while you consume alcohol or are under the influence of alcohol.
Ohio has a Castle Doctrine but no SYG law. There is no duty to retreat when in Your dwelling or vehicle. You may use force, including deadly force, in defense of yourself or others if You reasonably believe it is necessary to prevent imminent death, SBI, or to stop the unlawful & forcible entry into Your dwelling or occupied motor vehicle. Note that Ohio is the only state where the burden of proof is on You to prove that You acted in self-defense, except in cases of unlawful entry into Your dwelling or occupied motor vehicle. This means that You may be charged with homicide after using deadly force against an aggressor, and You must then prove that Your use of force was legally justified.
By statute, Ohio will recognize another state’s license to carry:
“The attorney general shall negotiate and enter into a reciprocity agreement with any other license-issuing state under which a license to carry a concealed handgun that is issued by the other state is recognized in this state if the attorney general determines that both of the following apply: (a) The eligibility requirements imposed by that license-issuing state for that license are substantially comparable to the eligibility requirements for a license to carry a concealed handgun issued under § 2923.125 of the Revised Code; (b) That license-issuing state recognizes a license to carry a concealed handgun issued under § 2923.125 of the Revised Code.”
Residents of other states who hold a valid carry permit from another state and are visiting Ohio will have their permit recognized during their temporary stay in Ohio, even if their permit is from a state that does not have a reciprocity agreement with Ohio.
Anyone contemplating reciprocal carry should check with the official list maintained by the Ohio AG at the point in time the reciprocal carry is to occur.
Under Ohio law, any license to carry a handgun does not permit concealed carry in any of the following places or circumstances:
- A police station, sheriff’s office, or state highway patrol station
- Discharge near or across a roadway or near a building
- Into a premises controlled by the Bureau of Criminal Identification and Investigation
- A state correctional institution, jail, workhouse, or other detention facility
- An airport passenger terminal
- Discharge in, at, or on a school safety zone
- Discharge within 100 yards of a cemetery
- A courthouse, or building where a courtroom is located
- A public or private college, university, or other higher education institution, though possession is permitted in the parking areas thereto so long as the handgun remains secured in his vehicle
- Any church, synagogue, mosque, or other place of worship (unless the establishment permits carry)
- A child day care facility
- An aircraft
- Any government building or facility
- Any place which federal law prohibits
- Any place where a “no guns” sign is clearly posted
- While under the influence of alcohol or drugs
- Residents of Ohio may now purchase shotguns, rifles, and ammunition in any other state from licensed firearms dealers, in accordance with federal law and the laws of that state
- People with a valid carry permit are exempt from background checks when buying guns