In the state of Alaska most felonies have an A, B, or C classification with the exclusion of specific serious crimes. Each crime is categorized by the seriousness and circumstances of the crimes committed. According to Alaska Statute AS 11.81.250 these felonies are classified as follows:
Class A Felonies
Any crimes that results in a serious injury to another individual or individuals. These crimes include: robbery (over $500 and/or involving a deadly weapon), burglary with a deadly weapon, arson, grand larceny, and manslaughter. Sentencing for these crimes does not exceed a prison sentence of twenty years.
Class B Felonies
Any crimes that result in physical injuries to another person that are less severe than Class A felonies. This classification also includes property damages and crimes committed against any public administrator, officials, or organization. These crimes include: drug related crimes, theft, sex related crimes, robbery (under $500), and larceny. Sentencing for these crimes does not exceed a prison sentence of ten years.
Class C Felonies
Any crimes considered to involve serious misconduct but not in a manner that the crime is classified as a more severe felony. These crimes include: DUI, domestic disputes, criminal trespassing, assault, criminal mischief, battery, and perjury. Sentencing for these crimes does not exceed a five year prison sentence.
Specific crimes that are not classified A through C and may include mandatory prison sentences are more serious crimes. These crimes are subject to mandatory prisons sentences of a ten years minimum to as much as a life time prison sentence.
The crimes considered exceptions to felony classification include:
- Murder (1st and 2nd degree)
- Attempted Murder (1st degree)
- Solicitation To Commit A Murder (1st degree)
- Sexual Assault (1st degree)
- Conspiracy To Commit A Murder (1st degree)
- Murder Involving An Unborn Child
- Sexual Abuse Of A Minor (1st degree)
- Misconduct That Involves A Controlled Substance (1st degree)
- Promotion of Prostitution (1st degree)
For these exceptions sentencing is a mandatory prison sentence of at least twenty years to life. Except second degree murder in which the sentence is no less than ten years and not more than ninety-nine. These sentences includes those not previously convicted of the crimes. Law enforcement officials using their authority to facilitate murder are also included in this mandatory sentence.
For those convicted of first degree murder with a previous conviction or subjected victim to torture are sentenced to a mandatory prison sentence of ninety-nine years.
Some of these included previous convictions include:
- The Murder Of An On-duty police officer, correctional officer, or firefighter.
- Previous 1st or 2nd Degree Murder Conviction
- Robbery Conviction That Resulted In the Death Of Victim
- Murder Conviction In Another State Or Territory
In Alaska individuals convicted of a crime has the opportunity to file for an expungement of their criminal records. However, they can only file for expungement on the grounds of mistaken identity or in the event that there is proof of a fraudulent criminal conviction. Criminal records of juveniles are sealed once they reach the age of eighteen.
Some convictions for which those convicted may not file for expungement include:
- Murder (1st of 2nd degree)
- Custodial Interference
- Sexual Assault
- Any Crime In Which A Firearm Was Used