Arizona Gun Laws

Arizona Gun Laws

Purchasing firearms in the state of Arizona is not unlike purchasing firearms in any other state. Certain rules apply in order to do so and only certain individuals are allowed to. No permit is required to purchase rifles, shotguns, or handguns in Arizona. No registration is necessary for rifles, shotguns, or handguns. The owners of rifles, shotguns, and handguns do not need to be licensed to own them. No permit is necessary to carry a rifle or a shotgun but a permit is necessary to carry a handgun in Arizona. When purchasing firearms it is illegal to sell or give a firearm or ammunition to a minor without the written consent of his or her parent or legal guardian. Also no Arizona State permit is necessary when purchasing a handgun, shotgun, or rifle. Selling or transferring a firearm to a prohibited possessor is illegal.

Arizona LawsThe state has about 6,900,000 residents, and is located in the Southwest. It is bordered to the north by Utah, to the east by New Mexico, and to the west by California and Nevada, after crossing the Colorado River. It also shares an international boundary with Mexico. As a general rule, handguns are prohibited in Mexico.

Possessing Firearms

Since no Arizona State permit is needed to possess a handgun, shotgun, rifle, it is illegal for a prohibited possessor to possess a firearm. This includes any individual who is found, through court ordering, to be a danger to him or herself or others where court ordered treatment has not yet been terminated. A prohibited possessor can also be any person who has been convicted of a violent felony using a deadly weapon where civil rights are yet to be restored; any individual who is incarcerated; any person serving probation for a domestic violence offense or a felony; any one who has been convicted and under parole, work furlough, community supervision, house arrest, or probation; anyone who was an adjudicated delinquent; or anyone who is an unemancipated minor. In the case of delinquency if an individual carries or possesses a firearm within ten years after release, more severe punishments will be included upon an adult offense.

When participating in marksmanship practice, the transportation of an unloaded firearm between the hours of five in the morning and ten in the evening, or lawful hunting an individual between the ages of fourteen and seventeen is allowed to possess a firearm legally.

Concealed Weapons

A concealed weapons permit can be obtained after an individual reaches the age of twenty-one. He or she must be a United State citizen, submit fingerprints, and must complete the proper safety regulations to lawfully carry a concealed weapon. All other circumstances for carrying a concealed weapon are illegal.

Constitutional Carry

Arizona allows anyone who is at least 21 years old and not prohibited from owning firearms to carry a concealed firearm without a permit. This is not limited to Arizona residents, meaning residents of other states may carry in Arizona even without reciprocity. In addition, anyone who is at least 18 years old and not prohibited from owning firearms may possess and open carry a handgun, but they cannot carry it concealed until they turn 21. It should be noted that a CCP is required in order to carry in a bar.

Open Carry

Open carry is legal in Arizona. Places as listed in the “Criminal Provisions” apply to those who open carry. The minimum age for open carry is 18.

Reciprocal Carry

You must be at least 21 years old to apply for a permit to carry, or to carry a concealed firearm without a permit. However, You only need to be 18 to possess or open carry a handgun.

Arizona recognizes all other states’ valid permits, except Vermont, providing the following conditions are met:

“shall recognize a concealed weapon, firearm or handgun permit or license that is issued by another state or a political subdivision of another state if both: 1. The permit or license is recognized as valid in the issuing state. 2. The permit or license holder is all of the following: (a) Legally present in this state. (b) Not legally prohibited from possessing a firearm in this state.”

However, a person with a permit or license from another state may not carry in Arizona if the person is:

“under twenty-one years of age or is under indictment for, or has been convicted of, a felony offense in any jurisdiction, unless that conviction is expunged, set aside or vacated or the person’s rights have been restored and the person is currently not a prohibited possessor under state or federal law.”

Some states do not require a license to carry or have not entered into a written agreement and are not reciprocal. Anyone contemplating carry in Arizona should follow this hyperlink to the Arizona Department of Public Safety and verify with their Reciprocal and Recognition Agreement at the time of the proposed reciprocal carry in Arizona.

Note: Arizona will only honor Idaho Enhanced Permits and will not honor the Idaho Standard Permit.

Firearms in Establishments that serve Alcohol

There are restrictions governing the carrying of firearms in establishments that hold a liquor license. Unless the business has a properly posted sign banning carrying firearms on the premises, it is generally lawful for people with a CCP to carry into the establishment. The sign must be located in a conspicuous location and be displayed right next to the liquor license in order to be valid and enforceable. It is illegal to consume alcohol while carrying a firearm. Note that You must have a valid CCP in order to carry in these establishments; constitutional carry doesn’t allow You to carry in establishments that serve alcohol, and open carry is also illegal there. The prohibition against carrying guns in establishments with liquor licenses does not apply to guests staying at hotels or motels that serve alcohol.

Self-defense Laws

Arizona has both Castle Doctrine and SYG laws. There is no duty to retreat when attacked in any place You have a legal right to be, and You may use deadly force in self-defense if You reasonably believe it is imminently necessary to prevent death or SBI, kidnapping, robbery, burglary, forcible rape, aggravated assault, or arson of an occupied building.

Restoring Gun Rights

When an individual has been convicted of a serious offense–usually an upper felony class offense or a violent offense–he or she will have his or her gun rights suspended under Arizona Law 13-604. Also under this law an individual may have his or her Second Amendment rights restored after ten years of being discharged from probation or ten years after a release from prison. If the offense is considered a dangerous crime–usually a felony conviction intentionally using a deadly weapon to inflict serious injury on another person–under section 13-604, Second Amendment rights will not be restored under any circumstances. If an offense includes kidnapping, sexual assault, or sexual contact with a minor under the age of fifteen, the right to possess a firearm will not be restored.

Criminal Provisions

A prudent person contemplating possessing a firearm in a state other than where they live should understand the other state’s basic criminal laws. The top criminal acts relative to Arizona’s penal orientation, relating to firearms, are set forth below.

Under Arizona law, a license to carry a handgun does not permit carry in any of the following places or circumstances:

  • Anywhere prohibited by Federal law
  • In a polling place on an election day
  • At a nuclear or hydroelectric power station
  • The secured area of an airport
  • At a jail or prison
  • In or on school property, property being used by a school for a school function, or a school bus. Firearms may be stored in a vehicle parked in a school parking lot as long as the firearm is unloaded, not visible from outside the vehicle, and the vehicle is locked.
  • At a public establishment or event after the sponsor or operator of the establishment/event asks You to remove Your weapon and place it in a temporary secure location. If the sponsor of an establishment or event asks You to remove Your firearm, they must provide You with a secure location to store it and allow You to retrieve the firearm immediately upon exiting the event.

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