Felonies in Tennessee
Tennessee offenses are distinguished by the gravity of each offense. These range from capital offenses to misdemeanors. The most serious offenses are felonies. Capital crimes rank just above all other types of felonies. Death and life imprisonment are the only two punishments available for capital crimes.
Felonies follow in order of severity, from the most serious to the least serious. Class A felonies are punishable by imprisonment for no less than fifteen years and no more than sixty years. The jury may also impose a fine of up to $50,000 at their discretion.
Class B felonies can result in a state prison sentence of no less than eight years and no more than thirty years. A jury may also impose an additional fine of up to $25,000 dollars. This is only subject to statutes that provide otherwise.
Unless statutes are provided, Class C felonies are also subject to fines as determined by a jury. This fine can be as much as $10,000, but no more. A prison sentence of no less than three years and no more than fifteen years in a state prison is permissible.
Class D felonies are punishable by no less than two years in prison and no more than twelve years in prison. Class D felonies, like other felonies, can have a dual punishment of an additional fine of no more than $5,000 imposed by the jury.
Class E felonies are the final category of Tennessee felonies. These felonies are punishable by up to six years in prison and no less than one year in a state facility. The jury may also levy a fine of up to three thousand dollars.
After the felony class is determined, the accused is tried by a judge or a jury for the designated punishment. In addition to jail time, a judge may impose probation or diversion. If the accused is charged with multiple offenses, he or she may be sentenced to concurrent or consecutive time, where the sentences are consecutive.
For example, a person could be charged with two felonies and one misdemeanor. In this case, one sentence could be for five years, another for twelve years, and yet another for ten years. Under consecutive sentencing, this person would be imprisoned for 27 years for the crimes at hand.
The expungement of a previous misdemeanor or felony conviction can be beneficial in the future. Certain conditions must be met. In most cases, convictions after an arrest must be dropped, a conviction reversed, or a person acquitted of a crime before expungement can be granted. A person who has received a pardon may also seek expungement. Those who have been arrested and convicted of violent felonies, on the other hand, are almost never eligible for expungement. This includes the sealing of records as well.
Most juvenile records are expungable if the person was under the age of eighteen at the time of the crime. However, certain circumstances may prevent a juvenile expungement from being granted.