Illinois Gun Laws

Gun Laws in Illinois

The state of Illinois has a child access prevention law for all firearms as well as a juvenile possession law and a juvenile sale and transfer law in regards to firearms. Firearm Owner’s Identification is required to purchase any handguns, shotguns, or rifles in the state of Illinois. No registration is necessary for shotguns, handguns, or rifles. Owners must license all handguns, shotguns, and rifles under Firearm Owner’s Identification. A permit through Firearm Owner’s Identification is also required to carry shotguns or rifles.

Illinois LawsThe state of Illinois does not permit any concealed weapons, so no permit is necessary to carry a handgun as it is unlawful. However a Firearm Owner’s Identification is necessary when transporting handguns. The city of Chicago requires that all firearms be registered. Purchasing any kind of firearm is subject to municipal control in Illinois. Some municipalities have banned handguns subsequently.

Illinois has water boundaries with other states, in some cases further complicating an interstate transportation and/or reciprocal carry analysis. To the north, Illinois borders Wisconsin, although the boundary line lies in Lake Michigan. Illinois’ eastern border with Indiana is within Lake Michigan and the Wabash and Ohio Rivers. The Ohio River is the southern border with Kentucky. The western border with Missouri and Iowa is the Mississippi River.

Purchasing Firearms in Illinois

A Firearms Owner’s Identification card is required in purchasing ammunition and all firearms. After a purchasing agreement has been made, the firearm seller has the requirement to hold a shotgun or rifle for up to twenty-four hours or a handgun for up to seventy-two hours. A purchasing waiting period does not exist for law enforcement officers, dealers, or non-residents at an Illinois State Police Department gun show. All transfer records will be maintained for up to ten years after the purchase. These records include the firearm’s serial number, the firearm’s description, the Firearms Owner’s Identification number of the owner, and the owner’s identity.

The dealer who is licensed under the federal government is required by law to have a background check on any individual looking to purchase a firearm. This check will be through the Department of the State Police for a fee of two dollars. Private sales and gun show sales must also run background checks on their buyers as required by the state police. These background checks also require Firearms Owner’s Identification cards. Those under the age of eighteen are not permitted to purchase a firearm in the state of Illinois along with those who are not eligible for Firearms Owner’s Identification.

Chicago and Laser Sights

In Chicago it is illegal to possess, display for sale, sell, or otherwise transfer any laser sight accessory, or a firearm silencer or muffler. LEOs and members of the armed forces are exempt from this law. Any such items will be seized and forfeited to the city.

Any owner of record of any motor vehicle that contains an assault weapon, a laser sight accessory, or firearm silencer or muffler is subject to a $2,000 fine, or a $3,000 fine if the violation occurs within 500 feet of a public park or elementary or secondary school. Any such vehicle is subject to seizure and impoundment at the owner’s expense.

Firearms Owner’s Identification Requirements

The Illinois state police department how the power to issue Firearms Owner’s Identification as located in Springfield. Applications can be acquired online or through a phone call. Only certain individuals are eligible to obtain Firearms Owner’s Identification. The requirements include being over the age of twenty-one; never having been convicted of any felony; not being addicted to narcotics, not being a mental patient in the past five years; not being mentally handicapped; not being an alien to the United States; not being the subject of any prohibiting order for possessing a firearm; not being convicted of assault, battery, aggravated assault, or any protection violation while possessing a firearm in the past five years; or having not been convicted of a domestic battery offense or similar crime on or after the first of January 1998 or before this date within five years. A Firearms Owner’s Identification application can be marked void if the information presented has been deemed false.

Carrying Firearms in Vehicles

Illinois generally prohibits carrying firearms in vehicles without a carry permit. People who possess a FOID card but not a carry permit may transport firearms in their vehicle only if the firearm is unloaded and secured in a locked container, or otherwise not immediately accessible.

Carry in Restaurants That Serve Alcohol

Yes, unless posted. You are prohibited from carrying a firearm into restaurants or bars that receive more than 50% of their revenue from the sale of alcohol. Restaurants and Bars in Illinois are required to post this information in a conspicuous location at their establishment.

Self-defense Laws

Illinois has a Castle Doctrine but no SYG law. There is no duty to retreat when attacked in Your dwelling, and You may use deadly force in self-defense if You reasonably believe it is necessary to prevent imminent death, SBI, or the commission of a forcible felony. Deadly force may also be used if to stop the unlawful & forcible entry into Your dwelling or residence if the entry is violent and You reasonably believe the intruder intends to commit violence against an occupant of the dwelling, or if the intruder intends to commit a felony within the dwelling. Anyone who is justified in using force in self-defense has civil immunity from lawsuits relating to said use of force by the intruder, their family, or their estate.

Open Carry

Open carry is not legal in Illinois. You must have an Illinois permit to carry a firearm. A handgun carried on or about a person with an Illinois permit to carry must be concealed from view of the public or on or about a person within a vehicle.

Reciprocal Carry

Illinois does not have an explicit reciprocity statute and restricts the possession of a firearm by law. However, it will recognize a nonresident’s right to carry a firearm in some circumstances:

Section 40. Non-resident license applications.

“(a) For the purposes of this Section, “non-resident” means

a person who has not resided within this State for more than 30 days and resides in another state or territory.

(b) The Department shall by rule allow for non-resident license applications from any state or territory of the United States with laws related to firearm ownership, possession, and carrying, that are substantially similar to the requirements to obtain a license under this Act.

(c) A resident of a state or territory approved by the

Department under subsection (b) of this Section may apply for a non-resident license. The applicant shall apply to the

Department and must meet all of the qualifications established in Section 25 of this Act, except for the Illinois residency requirement in item (xiv) of paragraph (2) of subsection (a) of Section 4 of the Firearm Owners Identification Card Act. The applicant shall submit:

(1) The application and documentation required under Section 30 of this Act and the applicable fee;

(2) a notarized document stating that the applicant: (A) is eligible under federal law and the laws of his or her state or territory of residence to own or possess a firearm; (B) if applicable, has a license or permit to carry a firearm or concealed firearm issued by his or her state or territory of residence and attach a copy of the license or permit to the application; (C) understands Illinois laws pertaining to the

possession and transport of firearms, and (D) acknowledges that the applicant is subject to the jurisdiction of the Department and Illinois courts for any violation of this Act; and

(3) a photocopy of any certificates or other evidence of compliance with the training requirements under Section 75 of this Act; and

(4) a head and shoulder color photograph in a size specified by the Department taken within the 30 days preceding the date of the application.

(d) In lieu of an Illinois driver’s license or Illinois identification card, a non-resident applicant shall provide similar documentation from his or her state or territory of residence. In lieu of a valid Firearm Owner’s Identification

Card, the applicant shall submit documentation and information required by the Department to obtain a Firearm Owner’s Identification Card, including an affidavit that the non-resident meets the mental health standards to obtain a firearm under Illinois law, and the Department shall ensure that the applicant would meet the eligibility criteria to obtain a Firearm Owner’s Identification card if he or she was a resident of this State.

(e) Nothing in this Act shall prohibit a non-resident from transporting a concealed firearm within his or her vehicle in Illinois, if the concealed firearm remains within his or her vehicle and the non-resident: (1) is not prohibited from owning or possessing a firearm under federal law; (2) is eligible to carry a firearm in public under the laws of his or her state or territory of residence; and (3) is not in possession of a license under this Act. If the non-resident leaves his or her vehicle unattended, he or she shall store the firearm within a locked vehicle or locked container within the vehicle in accordance with subsection (b) of Section 65 of this Act.”

Currently, Illinois only issues Illinois Non-Resident permits to residents of Arkansas, Mississippi, Texas and Virginia. Non-residents must complete 16 hours of Concealed Carry firearms training provided by an ISP approved instructor.

Criminal Provisions

To obtain a firearm in Illinois an individual must first obtain a Firearms Owner’s Identification Card (FOID), which requires passing a background check. It is required for any person to purchase a gun or ammunition and it is unlawful to possess any firearm or ammunition without a valid FOID. There is a 24-hour waiting period before buying a rifle or shotgun, and 72-hour waiting period before buying a handgun.

A licensee may carry a loaded or unloaded concealed firearm, fully concealed or partially concealed, in the individual’s vehicle whether loaded or unloaded and concealed.

  • A licensee must possess a license at all times while carrying a firearm except on the licensee’s land or in one’s abode or fixed place of business or in the land of another as an invitee with that persons permission
  • Assault weapons are banned in certain counties and cities
  • Cook county imposes a $25 tax on gun sales
  • Magazine restrictions are valid in certain cities

Under Illinois law, a licensee shall not knowingly carry a handgun in any of the following places or circumstances, whether the license was issued by Illinois, or the person is carrying pursuant to a reciprocity agreement between his or her state of license and Illinois.

  • Any location that firearms are prohibited from under federal law
  • Any building, property and parking under control of a public or private elementary or secondary school, pre-school or child care facility
  • Any property, including parking areas and sidewalks of a private community college, college or university
  • Any property under the control of an officer of the executive or legislative branch of government, except bikeway or trail in a park regulated by the Department of Natural Resources
  • Any building designated for court purposes or under control of a unit of local government
  • Any area under the control of an adult or juvenile detention or correctional institution, prison or jail
  • Any area under the control of a public or private hospital or hospital affiliate, mental health facility, or nursing home
  • Any form of transportation paid for, in part or whole, with public funds and any building under the control of a public transportation facility paid for, in part or whole, with public funds
  • Any area owned or leased by a gaming facility
  • Any stadium arena or parking area including collegiate or professional sporting events
  • Any library land
  • Any amusement park, zoo, or museum
  • Any area under the control of an airport
  • Firearms are not allowed to be stored inside a vehicle while it is located on the street, driveway, parking area, building or facility of a nuclear energy, storage weapons or development site
  • Any public gathering, excluding a place where showing, demonstration or lecture involving the exhibition of unloaded firearms is conducted
  • On any public street, alley, or other public lands/parks/playgrounds, on one’s own land, abode, or fixed place of business)
  • A firearm being transported must be either:
    • Broken down in a non-functioning state
    • Not immediately accessible; or
    • Unloaded and enclosed in a case, firearm carrying box, shipping box, or other container

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