Arizona Labor Laws

Arizona Child Labor Laws

Through the Fair Labor Standards Act federal law prohibits any child under the age of twelve from working to any degree. Arizona states that this law includes working in agriculture, since many children have currently been working with their parents in fieldwork. Parents may allow their children to work on family farms but may not hire out young children. The state of Arizona has one of the highest child labor issues in all of the United States. Federal law states that working in fields is the same as working in factories.

Children are often used to harvest crops and for picking small kinds of produce. Children working in fields not only violates the Fair Labor Standards Act but also exposes children to herbicides and pesticides that can result in health issues. Child labor laws also state that allowing children to work will limit their education, their opportunity to attend school, and inhibit their freedom to develop social skills with others their age.

The state of Arizona does not have its own paternity leave law but federal law allows fathers to have unpaid leave through the Family and Medical Leave Act. The Family and Medical Leave Act gives employees that opportunity to take twelve weeks or few every twelve months. This kind of unpaid leave is designed to allow for the care of an elderly parent, a newborn child, an ill child, or other personal medical reasons.

Maternity leave and paternity leave can also be used to allow parents to bond with a newly adopted child. This kind of leave protects the individual from losing his or her job and states that it is illegal to be terminated due to the leave. A female employee also cannot be terminated because she is expecting.

The Family and Medical Leave Act also allows expectant mothers to take time for pregnancy complications and allows expectant fathers to attend prenatal care appointments. All leave, however, must be taken in a continuous fashion and cannot be broken up between several months. The Family and Medical Leave Act can only applies when a company or institution has more than fifty workers in a seventy-five-mile radius.

Only employees who have been with the company for twelve months or more will qualify. Employees must also have worked twelve hundred fifty hours prior to a leave request. Maternity or paternity leave in Arizona also states that an individual is entitled to his or her same job or one of equal payment when he or she returns to work.

Accommodation Laws

By law Arizona employers are required to accommodate religious practices if they are reasonable and do not inhibit work. These are called reasonable accommodations and include scheduling, dress code, hours to be worked, uniforms, and others. Employers who do not accommodate religious necessities will be tried in court. However these religious acts must be permanent. For instance an employee cannot change his or her religious sect for special privileges. The 1964 Civil Rights Act also disallows discrimination for any reason towards religion, race, age, gender, or country of origin.

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